Colonial Revival (1870 - 1920)
The reuse of Colonial design in the US toward
the end of the 19th and into the 20th century, typically in bank buildings, churches
and suburban homes.
This architectural style is considered a Victorian
era style because, like the British Victorians, reaction to the Industrial Revolution
led to reexamination of the pre-Industrial Revolution past. A revival of Gothic style architecture was the first manifestation of this romantic portrayal of the
past. In the early 20th century, the two dominant styles being built in suburbs were Tudor Revival and Colonial Revival.
Following on the heels of America's Centennial celebrations, the Colonial Revival
emerged in the early 1880s. The style, which borrowed heavily from early American
architecture - particularly Georgian
style buildings - was largely an outgrowth of a new pride in America's past and a
rapidly growing Interest in historic preservation. Among the leaders of the movement
were the partners at McKim,
Mead and White, who had made a tour of New England's historic towns in 1878.
In the early phase, the Colonial Revival style remained the exclusive domain of fashionable
architectural firms and was favored for the large residences of wealthy clients.
The Colonial Revival building is often a combination of various Colonial styles and
contemporary elements. Generally the Revival house is larger than its Colonial counterpart
and some of the individual elements are exaggerated or out of proportion with other
parts of the house. Some Revival houses, however, are executed with such historical
accuracy that they are difficult to distinguish from original houses.